Tucson officially became part of The United States in 1864. Eleven years later, Alexander Levin founded Pioneer Brewery, which marked the beginning of craft brewing in Arizona. But the beer brewed at Pioneer, as well as that made at most other locations in the latter half of the 19th century, was vastly different than the beer brewed in the post-prohibition era, and there is little doubt that it tasted almost nothing like the craft beer we enjoy today. In addition to a lack of access to refrigeration and pasteurization, there was also little-to-no understanding of bacterial interaction in the brewing process at that time, meaning that batches tended to be inconsistent and, in some cases, barely palatable. Several craft breweries opened throughout Arizona in the late 1800’s, however all of them would eventually face great turmoil when Arizona became a dry state. One of the most well-known and successful breweries in the state was the Arizona Brewing Company (ABC). They sold their first beer in 1904 only to shutdown ten years later when Prohibition was enacted.